For many of us, purchasing a new home is one of the largest financial decisions we will make. As exciting as it is, it is not uncommon for new buyers to be caught unaware by additional closing costs in Vancouver. Depending on the size and type of property, your closing costs could equal an additional 2-4% of the total purchase price, and in Vancouver, this could be in the 10’s of thousands of dollars. Not only is it important to understand where the additional fees may be charged (and their value), but they also need to feature in your calculations for securing a mortgage.
Closing Costs in Vancouver- Taxes
Property Transfer Tax
Property transfer tax, or PPT, in Vancouver, is a fee to transfer the title of the property into your name. It is calculated using the following scale:
1% on the first $200,000
2% on the balance up to and including $2,000,000;
3% on the balance greater than $2,000,000
Whilst some concessions are available for first-time buyers, up to the value of $475,000, this typically won’t grant you a concession on your closing costs in Vancouver.
Pre-paid property taxes (usually included in the total legal fee bill)
All residents of BC are required to pay an annual property tax. It is due the first business day after July 1, and the amount you have to pay will depend on when you bought your property during the year.
If you purchase before July 1, the seller will reimburse their portion from the beginning of the year (Jan 1). If you purchase after July 1, but before December 31st, the property taxes will have already been paid by the seller, and you’ll be required to reimburse them.
You may also be required to reimburse the seller for other pre-paid services and taxes, such as Hydro or gas.
Goods and Services Tax (GST)
The GST cost is only applicable to new dwellings. It is charged at 5% of the property price. There are rebates available (36%) on properties up to $350,000, and a smaller rebate on properties up to $450,000. However, these rebates will not apply to properties in Vancouver as new dwellings will typically cost more than the threshold.
Recently it has come to light in the 2020 budget there may soon be a property tax hike of up 8-9% in Vancouver. This could be voted in not long before you close, and would affect the property tax rate on your property in the city.
Closing Costs in Vancouver- Fees
Depending on your financial circumstances it is likely you’ll need to pay for a property appraisal in order to obtain a mortgage. These are usually around $500-700 and may lead to increased costs if the inspection finds any issues with the property (such as additional specialists, or remedial work if you choose to purchase the property).
If you’re purchasing a house or other Torrens titled property, you may also be required to pay for a property survey. This is to confirm that property boundaries and other compliance issues are up to date. The fee for a land survey is around $500 plus GST.
Legal fees tend to encompass a few things, but generally speaking, it is for a lawyer or notary to help confirm all the correct paperwork. You can expect to pay up to $1500 for services including:
A title search to identify/confirm the property is actually owned by the person selling it, and it doesn’t have any caveats/liens attached.
Drafting the new title deed
Help with preparing a mortgage
Registration of the new titleholder
Exchange of funds
Closing Costs in Vancouver- Mortgage and Insurances
Mortgage Prepayment Penalty
Paying off your mortgage earlier than expected is a dream come true for many of us, however, for banks, it means less interest than expected on the term of the loan. Depending on the structure of your mortgage, you could be subject to a penalty for closing your mortgage early. Typically, this penalty is calculated as:
3 months worth of interest, based on the amount still owed
A differential figure calculated as the difference between:
-Your current interest rate
-The market interest rate for a mortgage of the same length (the length being the length of time you have left on your existing mortgage). This percentage figure is then used to calculate your fee, based on the mortgage amount remaining to be paid.
The figure used (or the method of calculation) will be stipulated in your mortgage contract. When setting up your mortgage you can also opt for an open (variable interest rate but with no pre-payment fee) or closed (fixed rate with pre-payment penalties) mortgage. In some cases, you may also be able to simply move your mortgage to a new property, however that will be at the discretion of your lender.
Depending on your circumstances, you may need to account for some or all of:
Home and contents insurance
Strata Insurance and Premiums- for both your individual property and any required by the strata body
Mortgage default Insurance (could cost an additional 0.60% to 3.85% based on the value of your mortgage)
Increased Insurance Premiums
Due to a number of natural and unnatural events, many strata-titled buildings in Vancouver are experiencing significant cost increases on their strata insurance. For a more detailed explanation on these increases please see Strata Insurance Premiums in Vancouver are Rising- Here’s How to Protect Yourself
Closing Costs in Vancouver- Strata Fees
Move-in Fee (Strata)
If you have recently purchased a condo the chances are high that you’ll be charged a move-in fee by your strata corp. This figure will vary depending on the building, however, you should budget anywhere from $100-$300. We’ll also note that this fee is usually paid by the landlord, so even if you plan to let your property, this is still something to take into consideration.
Strata Maintenance Fees
These can be due once a month, for the upkeep and maintenance of common areas. These will vary depending on the building and its requirements.
Other Closing Cost Considerations
There are a number of other costs that tend to be left out of calculations. However, if your budget is tight, or you want to more accurately track your spending, other costs include:
A professional clean (sellers don’t always do a good enough job)
New paint or flooring or wall repairs (not seen when the home was filled with the seller’s furniture)
Services, such as internet, water, power
Moving costs- truck hire, moving company etc…
These costs will all vary depending upon your circumstances. At the West Haven group, our dedicated team can help you to plan and budget, to find your new home. If you would like more information, or for regular industry insights and updates, you can reach us via email.